What is MCHC blood test? Definition, Causes, and treatment

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What is MCHC in a blood test?

MCHC means that Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin concentration. It is stated as the calculation of the average concentration of hemoglobin in your red blood corpuscles. It is also commonly ordered as a part of the complete blood count panel. Now, the question may arise in your mind is that what is CBC or complete blood count panel. You can refer to it as a complete test for red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

This test is usually mentioned by the doctor due to various reasons, some of which are: for going through the complete physical screening of you in order to evaluate your overall health, for the diagnosis of the various diseases and conditions in the human body, for monitoring your physical health condition in order to check whether your condition is improving or not, and also for the observe the effectiveness of the treatment you are going on.

People usually suffer from two different conditions on the basis of MCHC test:

  • MCHC High
  • MCHC Low

Here, we are describing you the symptoms of the both along with the procedure for calculating MCHC.

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MCHC High Symptoms :

MCHC High is a condition when the concentration of the hemoglobin gets more concentrated within your red blood cells. This condition is also related to the deposition of the fragile or destroyed hemoglobin in the red blood cells. It is basically of two different types: Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, Hereditary, Spherocytosis. The most common symptoms of the MCHC High are fatigue, paleness, weakness, jaundice, gallstones, yellowing of the skin, chest pain, fever, fainting abdominal discomfort due to the reason of the enlargement of the spleen.

MCHC Low Symptoms :

Hypochromic Microcytic Anemia is one of the most common reasons of the low MCHC. It is related to the condition when the size of your red corpuscles gets reduced than that of the usual ones. it is the decreased level of the hemoglobin that usually arises due to the reason of lack of iron, the inability of your body to absorb iron, chronic low-grade blood loss, hemolytic and much more. The problem of MCHC low is most commonly diagnosed due to the symptoms; fatigue or chronic tiredness, shortness of breath, pale skin, easily bruised, dizziness, weakness, and loss of stamina etc.

MCHC Calculation :

MCHC is a normal blood test which includes the measurements of the red blood corpuscles hematocrit and hemoglobin so as to calculate the Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC).

When the number of MCHC is low then the condition is termed as hypochromic and when the number of MCHC is high the condition is termed as hyperchromic. Both the conditions together are termed as the different forms of anemia which mean seems difficulty in carrying oxygen in different parts of the body. MCHC can be easily calculated as the amount of hemoglobin per 100 ml packed cell. The formula used for calculating MCHC is:

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